Ministers say the bill would provide a “safety net” in case the EU has an “extreme and inappropriate” view of the agreement, particularly the Northern Ireland section. The section – known as protocol – aims to avoid a hard border on the island of Ireland. The agreement was revised as part of the Johnson Department renegotiation in 2019. The amendments amend about 5% of the text The Internal Market Act contains measures that null and forth parts of the UK`s Brexit agreement with the EU. The most important elements of the draft agreement are: The Northern Ireland Protocol, known as the Irish Backstop, is attached to the draft agreement of November 2018, which outlines provisions to prevent a hard border in Ireland after the UK`s withdrawal from the European Union. The protocol provided for a provision of the safety net to deal with the circumstances in which satisfactory alternative arrangements were to come into force at the end of the transition period. This project has been replaced by a new protocol that will be described as follows. The agreement covers issues such as money, citizens` rights, border agreements and dispute resolution. It also includes a transition period and an overview of the future relationship between the UK and the EU. It was published on 14 November 2018 and was the result of the Brexit negotiations. The agreement was approved by the heads of state and government of the other 27 EU countries and by the British government led by Prime Minister Theresa May, but it faced opposition from the British Parliament, which needed approval for ratification. The approval of the European Parliament would also have been necessary.
On January 15, 2019, the House of Commons rejected the withdrawal agreement by 432 votes to 202.  The House of Commons again rejected the agreement by 391 votes to 242 on 12 March 2019 and rejected it a third time, on 29 March 2019, by 344 votes to 286. On 22 October 2019, the revised withdrawal agreement negotiated by Boris Johnson`s government approved the first phase in Parliament, but Johnson halted the legislative process when the accelerated approval programme failed to receive the necessary support and announced his intention to declare a general election.  On 23 January 2020, Parliament ratified the agreement by adopting the withdrawal agreement; On 29 January 2020, the European Parliament approved the withdrawal agreement. It was then concluded by the Council of the European Union on 30 January 2020. The amended bill was passed by his peers on Tuesday evening without a vote and will return to the House of Commons on Wednesday afternoon after questions from the Prime Minister. Even U.S. President-elect Joe Biden has expressed concern. The bill will now return to the House of Commons – where the government has confirmed that it will re-introduce controversial items removed by its peers.